Contai Coop Bank, Ltd. Millennium Bcp Millennium Bcpbank, N. Incorporated in Bermuda October 15, Butterfield Bank uk , Ltd. Mercury Bank And Trust, Ltd.
Inside Shale Experts
Consumer Testing Laboratories, Ltd. Continental Automotive Wuhu Co. Continental Temic Electronics, Phils. Curtis Metal Finishing Co. Deibel Laboratories of Illinois, Inc.
Dekra Testing and Certification Co. Dell Tech Laboratories Ltd. Dimensional Layout Services, Inc. Distinct Engineering Solutions, Inc. Diversified Testing Laboratories, Inc. Dongguan Dongdian Testing Service Co. Elite Electronic Engineering Inc. Analytical Services Entegris, Inc.
Eppendorf North America, Inc. Eurofins Microbiology Laboratories, Inc. European Craftsmen Metrology Lab, Inc. Flextronics Systems Penang Sdn. Gentherm Electronics Shenzhen Co. Geometric Design and Technology, Inc. Reliability Laboratory of Huawei Technologies Co. Global Distinguished-testing Service Shanghai Co. Great Lakes Calibration, Inc. Greening Testing Laboratories, Inc.
Hayes Instrument Service, Inc. Herbalife China Health Products Ltd. Herbalife Jiangsu Health Products Co. Formerly Oxford Instruments America, Inc. HN Proficiency Testing, Inc.
Consultants Hubbell Power Systems, Inc. Hudson Instruments and Calibration, Inc. Hunan Ecloud Testing Technology Co. Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd. Independent Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Independent Testing Laboratories, Inc. Indiana Automotive Fasteners, Inc. Ineos Styrolution Mexicana, S. Integrity Calibration Services, Inc. Intertek Plastics Technology Laboratories, Inc. Intertek Testing Services Co. J and K Measuring Services Inc. JM Test Systems, Inc. Jones Calibration Service L.
Kappa Laboratories Karakol N. Kim Long Calibration and Technologies Co. Kimball Electronic Laboratory, Inc. Konica Minolta Sensing Americas Inc. Korea Safety Certification Co. Laboratorio Inspectorate Chile Ltda. Legend Technical Services, Inc. Lehigh Testing Labs, Inc. Banco Del Pichincha, C. Banco Del Suquia, S. Banco Del Sureste, S. Banco Del Tesoro C. Banco Banco Del Tesoro C. Banco Del Tesoro, C. Banco Di Caribe, N. Banco Di Sardegna S. Banco Dominicano Del Progreso S. Banco Dominicano Del Progreso, S.
Banco Espirito Santo, S. Banco Etcheverria Banco Etcheverria, S. Banco Exterior Banco Exterior, C. Banco Ficohsa Guatemala, S. Banco Financiera Comercial Hondurena, S. Banco Financiera Comercial Hondureqa, S. Banco Gallego Banco Gallego, S. Banco Ganadero Banco Ganadero, S. Banco Ge Capital, S. Banco General Ruminahui, S. Banco Halifax Hispania, S. Banco Hondureno Del Cafe S.
Banco Hsbc Colombia, S. Banco Hsbc Honduras S. Banco Hsbc Salvadoreno, S. Banco Multiplo Banco Improsa, S. Banco Industrial De Venezuela, C. Banco Industrial Do Brasil S. Banco Industrial E Comercial, S. Banco Interamericano De Finanzas, S. Banco Inversis Net, S. Banco Itau Buen Ayre, S. Banco Itau Paraguay, S. Banco Itau Uruguay, S. Banco Liniers Sudamericano, S. Banco Lloyds Bank Plc, S. Banco Local Cooperativo Ltdo.
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Bank Ochrony Srodowiska S. Bank Ochrony Srodowiska, S. Bank Of Aaland Ltd. Bank Of Ayudhya Public Co. Bank Of Beirut S. Bank Of China uk , Ltd. Bank Of China Australia, Ltd. Bank Of Commerce, N. Bank Of Cyprus holdings , Ltd. Bank Of Cyprus Public Co. Bank Of Cyprus Uk, Ltd. Bank Of Cyprus, Ltd. Bank Of East Asia, Ltd.
Bank Of Kentucky, Inc. Butterfield And Son, Ltd. Bank Of Okinawa, Ltd. Bank Of Queensland, Ltd. Bank Of Saint Lucia, Ltd. Francisville Bank Of St. Bank Polska Kasa Opieki S. Bank Polska Kasa Opieki, S. Bank Przemyslowo-handlowy Pbk, S. Bank Przemyslowo-handlowy Pkb, S. Bank Przemyslowo-handlowy W Krakowie, S. Bank Zachodni Wbk, S.
Bank Zenit Bank2 Bank Banka Kombetare Tregtare Sh. Bankalararasi Kart Merkezi, A. Bankannapolis Bankaool Bankard, Inc. Bankas Snoras Bankatlantic Bankatlantic, F. Bankboston Banco Multiplo, S. Bankcard Service Japan Co. Bankers Bank Of Kansas, N. Bankillinois Bankinter Bankinter, S. Banvalor Banco Comercial, C. Bapuji Coop Bank, Ltd. Barclays Bank Of Botswana, Ltd. Barclays Bank Of Ghana, Ltd. Barclays Bank Of Kenya, Ltd. Barclays Bank Of Uganda, Ltd. Barclays Bank Of Zambia, Ltd.
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Bessemer Trust Company, N. Best Bank Bestbank Bestsource C. Bethlehem Steel Workers No 2 F. Bfc Banco Fondo Comun, C. Bhavnagar District Coop Bank, Ltd. Bhilwara Urban Coop Bank, Ltd. Bhingar Urban Coop Bank, Ltd. Bhopal Co-operative Central Bank, Ltd.
Bidvest Bank Bidvest Bank, Ltd. Big Bank Gdanski, S. Big Island F. Billings Health Affiliated F. Binbank Murmansk Bipitalia Ducato S. Birdeo Sahakari Bank, Ltd. Blue Bank International, N. Bmi Offshore Bank, Ltd. Bmo Harris Bank, N. Bnc National Bank Bnca S.
Bnp - Espana, S. Bnp Paribas Bnp Paribas bulgaria A. Boise Us Employees F. Borbjerg Sparekasse Borgun H. Bosna Bank International Bossier F. Boubyan Bank Boubyan Bank K. Boulder Municipal Employees F. Box Elder County F.
Bpn Brasil Banco Multiplo, S. Bradford Bank Bragg Mutual F. Brahmadeodada Mane Sahakari Bank, Ltd. Brahmawart Commercial Co-op Bank, Ltd. Brb-banco De Brasilia, S. Brd - Groupe Societe Generale, S. Bred Bank fiji , Ltd. Bridgeport Brass indpls F. Bridgeport Fire Department Employees F. Bridgewater Savings Bank Bridgeway F. Brighton Bank Brighton Cooperative F. Brimfield Bank Bristol Teachers F. Buffalo Postal Community F. Bugin Card Service Co. Business And Industrial F.
Butterfield Bank barbados , Ltd. Butterfield Bank cayman , Ltd. Butterfield Bank uk , Ltd. Buy Way Personal Finance, S. Byron Bank Bzx Investments, Ltd. Burnett And Sons, Bankers C. Services Corporation australia , Ltd. C1 Bank Cabrillo C. De Lugo Caja Rural P. De Teruel Caja Rural P.
Cal State 9 C. California Business Bank California C. Calnet Business Bank, N. Calumet County Bank Calvin B. Cambodian Commercial Bank, Ltd. Canton School Employees F. Capital City Press F. Capital G Bank, Ltd. Capitol Bank Capitol C. Cardinal Bank Cardinal Bank, N. Cards Financial Services Company, B. Caribbean Commercial Bank anguilla , Ltd.
Caribbean Commercial Bank, Ltd. Caribbean Commercial Investment Bank, Ltd. Caribbean Credit Card Corp. Carrefour Servizi Finanziari S. Casablanca Finance Markets, S. Cascade Bank Cascade Central C. Cascade Forest Products C. Catholic And Community C.
Cayman National Bank, Ltd. Cb Mkb Unionbank, Ltd. Cb Moldova Agroindbank, S. Cecil County School Employees' F. Cenit Bank Cenla F.
Of Florida Central C. Central Co-operative Bank, Ltd. Central Florida Educators F. Central Florida Educators' F. Central Florida Healthcare F. Central Michigan Community F. Central Missouri Community C. Central Susquehanna Community F. Central-european International Bank cib Bank Rt. Centrue Bank Centrust Bank, N. Certegy Card Services, Inc. Cetelem Cetelem thailand , Ltd. Chaco Credit Union, Inc. Champion Credit Union, Inc. Chang Hwa Commercial Bank, Ltd.
Charter One Bank, N. Chase Manhattan Card Co. Chautauqua Employees' Associations F. Chekiang First Bank, Ltd. Chequemax Cherokee County Teachers F. Chesapeake Public School Employees C. Chicago Post Office Employees C. Childrens Medical Center F. China State Bank, Ltd. Choice One Community F. Chubu Shinkin Bank Card Co. Chugoku Shinkin Card Co. Cinema Park Cinfed F. Cit Bank Citadel F. Citco Banking Corporation, N. Citibank hong Kong , Ltd. Citibank slovakia , A.
Citibank south Dakota , N. Citibank Del Peru, S. Citibank Moscow Citibank N. Puerto Rico Citibank N. Singapore Branch Citibank N. South Africa Citibank N.
Kgaa Citibank Romania, S. Citibank South Dakota, N. Citibank Spain Citibank Taiwan, Ltd. Citibank Venezuela Citibank, A. South Africa Citibank, N. Citicorp Citicorp Card Service, Inc. Citicorp Payment Services, Inc. Cititarjetas De Costa Rica, S. Cititarjetas De Honduras, S. Citizen Credit Cooperative Bank, Ltd. Citizencredit Co-operative Bank, Ltd.
Citizens Bank And Trust Co. Citizens-union Savings Bank Citizensfirst C. City First Bank Of D. City Of Downey F. City Of Firsts Community F. City Of Memphis C. Classic Bank Classic Bank, N. Cleveland Bradley County Teachers F. Cleveland Community Bank, S. Cleveland Police Credit Union, Inc. Clydesdale Bank Plc Cme F.
Co-operative Bank Of Kenya, Ltd. Co-operative Central Bank, Ltd. Coastalstates Bank Coasthills F. Coastway Community Bank Cochise C. Collin Bank Collins Community C. Colonial Bank Colonial Bank, N. Colour Merchants' Co-operative Bank, Ltd. Columbia Bank Columbia Community C. Commerce Ban Commerce Bancshares, Inc.
Commerce State Bank Commercebank, N. Commercial Bank And Trust Co. Commercial Bank Of Qatar q. Commercial Bank Of Qatar Limited q. Commercial Bank Of Qatar Ltd. Commercial Bank Of Qatar Q.
Commercial Bank Of Zimbabwe, Ltd. Commonwealth Community Bank, Inc. Commonwealth Credit Union, Inc. Commonwealth Finance Solutions, Ltd. Communicating Arts Credit Union, Inc. Communities Of Abilene F. Community Community 1 F. Of Lynn Community Choice C. Community Financial Members F. Community Resource Bank, N. Community Savings Community Schools C.
Community Trust Bank, N. Guatemala Compania Financiera Argentina, S. Compusa Computer Services, Inc. Computer Systems International, Ltd. Connecticut Community Credit Union, Inc. Connex Credit Union, Inc. Conocojet Conseco Bank, Inc.
Consorcio De Tarjetas Dominicanas S. Contai Coop Bank, Ltd. Corestates Bank Of Delaware, N. Corner Banque luxembourg , S. Cornerstone Community Financial F.
Corporate Commercial Bank A. Covenant Bank Covenant Health F. Coventry Building Society Coventry C. Cr Crane Bank, Ltd. Crdb Bank Burundi S. Panama Credicorp Bank, S. Credipar Crediscotia Financiera, S. Credit Agricole Bank Romania, S. Credit Andorra Credit Andorra, S. The terms of the merger gave 60 percent ownership of the new group to the Dutch arm and 40 percent to the British. National patriotic sensibilities would not permit a full-scale merger or takeover of either of the two companies.
In , Shell Chemicals was founded. Shell Mex House was completed in , and was the head office for Shell's marketing activity worldwide. The s saw Shell's Mexican assets seized by the local government. Around , Shell was the first company to purchase and use a computer in the Netherlands. In November , following a period of turmoil caused by the revelation that Shell had been overstating its oil reserves , it was announced that the Shell Group would move to a single capital structure, creating a new parent company to be named Royal Dutch Shell plc, with its primary listing on the London Stock Exchange , a secondary listing on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange , its headquarters and tax residency in The Hague , Netherlands and its registered office in London.
The unification was completed on 20 July and the original owners delisted their companies from the respective exchanges. In February Shell and Cosan formed a The transaction included East Resources' tight gas fields. A new CEO Ben van Beurden was appointed in January , prior to the announcement that the corporation's overall performance in was 38 per cent lower than —the value of Shell's shares fell by 3 per cent as a result.
On 7 June , Royal Dutch Shell announced that it would build an ethane cracker plant near Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania after spending several years doing environmental cleanup of the proposed plant's site. In May , it was reported that Shell plans to sell its shares in Canadian Natural Resources fully exiting the oil sands business. The presence of companies like Shell in the Niger-Delta has led to extreme environmental issues in the Niger Delta. Many pipelines in the Niger-Delta owned by Shell are old and corroded.
Shell has acknowledged its responsibility for keeping the pipelines new but has also denied responsibility for environmental causes.
It has also led to action plans to boycott Shell by environmental groups, and human rights groups. On 15 January , off the Argentinian town of Magdalena, Buenos Aires , the Shell tanker Estrella Pampeana collided with a German freighter , emptying its contents into the lake, polluting the environment, drinkable water, plants and animals.
Shell joined the Global Climate Coalition of businesses opposed to greenhouse gas emission regulation. Shell is known to be processing oil from the Amazon region of South America, a large concern for environmentalists trying to protect the area. In , a public information film unseen for years resurfaced and showed Shell had clear grasp of global warming 26 years earlier but has not acted accordingly since, said critics.
On 4 August , the board of directors announced the appointment of Jorma Ollila , chairman and CEO of Nokia at the time, to succeed Aad Jacobs as the company's non-executive chairman on 1 June Ollila is the first Shell chairman to be neither Dutch nor British. When collecting seashell specimens in the Caspian Sea area in , the younger Samuel realised there was potential in exporting lamp oil from the region and commissioned the world's first purpose-built oil tanker , the Murex Latin for a type of snail shell , to enter this market; by the company had a fleet.
Although for several decades the company had a refinery at Shell Haven on the Thames, there is no evidence of this having provided the name. The Shell logo is one of the most familiar commercial symbols in the world. This logo is known as the " pecten " after the sea shell Pecten maximus the giant scallop , on which its design is based. The yellow and red colours used are thought  to relate to the colours of the flag of Spain , as Shell built early service stations in California , previously a Spanish colony.
The current revision of the logo was designed by Raymond Loewy in Shell is currently organised into four major business groupings: Shell's primary business is the management of a vertically integrated oil company. The development of technical and commercial expertise in all stages of this vertical integration, from the initial search for oil exploration through its harvesting production , transportation, refining and finally trading and marketing established the core competencies on which the company was founded.
Similar competencies were required for natural gas, which has become one of the most important businesses in which Shell is involved, and which contributes a significant proportion of the company's profits. While the vertically integrated business model provided significant economies of scale and barriers to entry , each business now seeks to be a self-supporting unit without subsidies from other parts of the company.
Traditionally, Shell was a heavily decentralised business worldwide especially in the downstream with companies in over countries, each of which operated with a high degree of independence. The upstream tended to be far more centralised with much of the technical and financial direction coming from the central offices in The Hague. The upstream oil sector is also commonly known as the "exploration and production" sector. Downstream operations, which now also includes the chemicals business, generates the majority of Shell's profits worldwide and is known for its global network of more than 40, petrol stations and its various oil refineries.
Shell began drilling for oil in Africa during the s. Shell began production in Nigeria in In Nigeria , Shell told US diplomats that it had placed staff in all the main ministries of the government. In April , Shell announced its intention to divest from downstream business of all African countries except South Africa and Egypt to Vitol and "Helios".
Shell denied rumours of the sellout. In June , the company announced a strategic review of its operations in Nigeria, hinting that assets could be divested. In August , the company disclosed it was in the process of finalizing the sale of its interests in four Nigerian oil fields. The company has upstream operations in unconventional oil and gas in China. Shell has a joint venture with PetroChina at the Changbei tight gas field in Shaanxi , which has produced natural gas since The company has also invested in exploring for shale oil in Sichuan.
The company was an early entrant in shale oil exploration in China but scaled down operations in due to difficulties with geology and population density. Shell also sponsored the first Hong Kong-built aircraft, Inspiration', for its around-the-world trip.
Shell discovered the first oil well in Malaysia in , in Miri , Sarawak. Today the oil well is a state monument known as the Grand Old Lady. In , following this discovery, Shell built Malaysia's first oil refinery and laid a submarine pipeline in Miri. Its headquarters is in Makati City and it has facilities in the Pandacan oil depot and other key locations.
In January , the Bureau of Customs claimed 7. Shell has a strong presence in Singapore, indeed Singapore is the main centre for Shell's petrochemical operations in Asia Pacific region. Shell first started trading in Ireland in Its headquarters are on Leeson Street in Dublin. It was acquired in May In Shell disposed of its entire retail and commercial fuels business in Ireland to Topaz Energy Group.
This included depots, company-owned petrol stations and supply agreements stations throughout the island of Ireland. On 27 August , Royal Dutch Shell and Reitan Group , the owner of the 7-Eleven brand in Scandinavia, announced an agreement to re-brand some service stations across Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark, subject to obtaining regulatory approvals under the different competition laws in each country.
In the UK sector of the North Sea Shell employs around 4, staff in Scotland as well as an additional 1, service contractors: Through most of Shell's early history, the Shell Oil Company business in the United States was substantially independent. Its stock was traded on the NYSE , and the group's central office had little direct involvement in running the operation. On 20 May , Royal Dutch Shell's final investment decision for the world's first floating liquefied natural gas FLNG facility was finalized following the discovery of the remote offshore Prelude field—located off Australia's northwestern coast and estimated to contain about 3 trillion cubic feet of natural gas equivalent reserves—in FLNG technology is based on liquefied natural gas LNG developments that were pioneered in the midth century and facilitates the exploitation of untapped natural gas reserves located in remote areas, often too small to extract any other way.
Following the decision by the Royal Dutch Shell fuel corporation to close its Geelong , Australia refinery in April , a third consecutive annual loss was recorded for Shell's Australian refining and fuel marketing assets.
At the time of the sale, Royal Dutch Shell was expected to continue investment into the Australian market, with projects that involve Chevron Corp. Shell became a major shareholder in Woodside after a takeover attempt was blocked by then federal Treasurer Peter Costello and the corporation has been open about its intention to sell its stake in Woodside as part of its target to shed assets. At a general body meeting, held on 1 August , 72 percent of shareholders voted to approve the buy-back, short of the 75 percent vote that was required for approval.
A statement from Shell read: Shell is reviewing its options in relation to its remaining In the early s Shell moved into alternative energy and there is now an embryonic " Renewables " business that has made investments in solar power , wind power , hydrogen , and forestry.
The forestry business went the way of nuclear, coal, metals and electricity generation, and was disposed of in In Shell paid SolarWorld to take over its entire solar business  and in , the company withdrew from the London Array which has become the world's largest offshore wind farm. Shell also is involved in large-scale hydrogen projects. Shell began to develop its wind energy segment in , the company now operates six wind farms in the United States and is part of a plan to build two offshore wind farms in the Netherlands.
Further problems hampered the Arctic project after the commencement of drilling in , as Shell dealt with a series of issues that involved air permits, Coast Guard certification of a marine vessel and severe damage to essential oil-spill equipment. Additionally, difficult weather conditions resulted in the delay of drilling during mid and the already dire situation was exacerbated by the "Kulluk" incident at the end of the year.